Information Minister Michael Makuei told the DW that the transitional government would fully implement the peace agreement. However, experts believe that the achievements of the SPLM-IO presented by the government and taban Deng Gais are more related to power-sharing, which benefits the two parties for the most part. On 9 May 2014, President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar signed the second ceasefire in Addis Ababa, a unilateral agreement that has once again begun for a first ceasefire.  Hostilities were to cease within 24 hours, with a permanent ceasefire under way, and they promised to open humanitarian corridors and allow “30 days of rest” so that farmers could sow crops and avoid famine. Hours after the ceasefire came into effect, the two sides accused each other of violating the ceasefire.  On 11 June 2014, the two sides agreed to begin talks within 60 days on the formation of a transitional government and a third ceasefire, which refrained from fighting during this period.  However, the talks failed when both sides boycotted the talks  and, until 16 June, it was reported that the ceasefire had been violated.  In August 2014, Kiir and the leaders of South Sudan`s neighbouring countries signed a roadmap leading to a transitional government of national unity. Machar refused to register and accused the leaders of IGAD, a regional group involved in the negotiations, of reversing the process in Kiirs` favour.  In November 2014, both sides renewed the broken ceasefire, and IGAD mediators gave them 15 days to reach a power-sharing agreement and threatened sanctions if they failed. The third ceasefire collapsed 24 hours later with fighting in the oil-rich north.  In January 2015, rival factions signed a reunification agreement in Arusha, Tanzania, but fighting continued.  In February 2015, Kiir and Machar signed a document on “Areas of Agreement” for a future transitional government of national unity and re-committed to a ceasefire.
 Talks later failed and fighting broke out in March.    President Obama and regional leaders recently threatened to expand international sanctions and impose an arms embargo if rival factions did not sign a peace agreement. When Dinka cattle herders, allegedly supported by the SPLA, occupied arable land, the young Azande became militias, mainly with the Arrow Boys, whose leader Alfred Karaba Futiyo Onyang pledged allegiance to spLM-IO and claimed to have occupied parts of western equatorial.  A new rebel group called the South Sudan Federal Democratic Party (other than the largest rebel group named Peter Gadet, Gabriel Chang and Gathoth Gathoth Gatkuoth) was mainly composed of lotukos formed during this period by the growing perception of ill-treatment by the “Dinka” government and having taken over a SPLA outpost in OST-torian.  In February 2016, SPLA soldiers in Dinka attacked a UN camp targeting Nuer and Shilluk, accusing the government of infecting parts of their home countries.  About a year after the signing of the peace agreement, ethnic youth groups and the SPLA targeted Fertit members in Wau, killing dozens and forcing more than 120,000 people to flee their homes.  As a result, tribal militias of local fertites and spLM-IO-allied groups have fled in rebellion, causing serious clashes in the originally relatively peaceful state of Wau that lasted for months. To date, only one chapter out of eight of the peace agreement has been implemented. Several important provisions have not yet been complied with. Since the start of the civil war in 2013, at least eight peace agreements have failed before coming into force and clashes have been reported between warring factions across the country, although the most recent agreement has been reached.