Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe for the first time defended the concept of an open and free Indo-Pacific strategy in a speech in principle delivered in August 2016 at the sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI). The concept was then included in the 2017 Diplomatic Blue Book: Japanese Diplomacy and International Situation in 2016, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, June 2017, www.mofa.go.jp/files/000290287.pdf and was adopted by Australia and the United States. See: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Australia, “Australia-India-Japan-United States “Quad` Consultations,” Media Release, November 4, 2019, dfat.gov.au/news/media/Pages/australia-india-japan-united-states-quad-consultations.aspx and us State Department, “A Free and Open Indo-Pacific: Advancing a Shared Vision,” November 2019, www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Free-and-Open-Indo-Pacific-4Nov2019.pdf. In early 2007, Prime Minister Abe proposed the four-sided security dialogue or the quadrilateral initiative, in which India would join a formal multilateral dialogue with Japan, the United States and Australia.  China issued diplomatic protests to the four members of the quadrangle before an official assembly of its members.  The Japanese Prime Minister who followed Abe, Taro Aso, downplayed China`s importance to the China-India pact, signed after the grid, and said, “We talked about China – and we have no adoption of a third country as a destination like China.” Indian Foreign Minister Shiv Shankar Menon also argued that the defence agreement was long overdue because of India`s freight trade with Japan and that it was not specifically aimed at China.  Japan`s Quality Infrastructure Partnership, which includes $200 billion in infrastructure spending between 2015 and 2020 in Asia and Africa, could be a model for such a four-party infrastructure fund.  Japan defends the principles of Ise Shima, approved by the G7 in 2016, which focus on infrastructure investments, where projects are economically viable and sustainable, use transparent and open tenders and conditions, create local jobs, transfer skills to workers in the host country, consider social and environmental impacts and other real development needs.  A four-page initiative is the next logical step that helps prevent the decline of BIS-related standards and standards of governance and counteracts China`s broader narrative of developing countries that only Beijing understands its development needs. The aim would be to offer developing countries an advantageous alternative to the BIS, while strengthening the regulatory order.